Fibromyalgia: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment



Fibromyalgia is also known as fibrositis is a chronic disorder that causes muscles and bones pain along with fatigues and cognitive issues. These pains are widespread which is difficult to spot on. Even doctors misunderstand the exact problem and sometimes misdiagnose the condition. Even doctors have to guess the problem depending on the patient’s verbal report. No labs or image testing can be done when you go for diagnosis. A patient may not have all the symptoms related to fibromyalgia, he or she may have some other medical problems also. The only help is the list of symptoms which may or may not match in case of any particular patient. 

Symptoms of Fibromyalgia 

Pain All Over the Body:

The pain is throughout the body, feels like a burning sensation or an ache particularly back and neck. 

Extremely Sensitive Body Parts

A few points of your body become extremely tender and sensitive to pain even the slightest touch is painful


It can range from mild to extreme tiredness. Extreme tiredness may come suddenly and completely throw you on the bed. 

Improper Sleep:

Fibromyalgia may affect your sleep. You may feel tired even if you had a long sleep. 

Morning Stiffness:

When you wake up in the morning and being in the same position for a long period of time causes stiffness and pain. 

Cognitive Problems or Fibro-Fog:

This is related to psychological problems. The patient may have trouble remembering and learning things. 

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

IBS upsets digestive system, causes pain and bloating in the stomach leading to constipation or diarrhea. 

Other Symptoms

A few other symptoms include Anxiety, Numbness in arms, hands or feet, Headaches, Problems with peeing, Painful menstrual cramps. 


The exact cause of fibromyalgia is not clear, its diagnosed on the basis of few factors which include: 

Central Nervous System’s Abnormal Functionality:

Theories show that people develop changes in the way their nervous system processes.  It transmits pain information all over the body through specialized cells network. This results in constant pain and inflammation.

Low-Level Hormones:

Doctors have found that patients suffering from fibromyalgia have low levels of hormones like noradrenaline, serotonin, and dopamine in their brains. These hormones are responsible for the proper functioning of sleep, stress, mood, appetite or behavior. 

Improper Sleep: 

Improper timing of sleep or pattern may cause fibromyalgia.  It’s not just a symptom it can be a reason also. 


It’s possible that genetics may be the reason behind the development of fibromyalgia.  

External Triggers: 

Fibromyalgia may trigger by an injury, a viral infection or because of some psychological stress like the breakdown of a relationship or the death of a loved one. 



There is no cure for fibromyalgia rather the treatment eases some of the symptoms. Treatment concentrate on pain management. You might have to try a different combination of treatments that going to work for you. Only medication is not going to work even lifestyle change is important to improve your quality of life. 

In 2009 researchers found that CBD can be used for neuropathic patient’s pain relief. For treating nerve injuries, inflammatory CBD was found effective. 

CBD or Cannabidiol is a chemical compound found in cannabis or hemp plant. CBD activates serotonin receptors which work in pain perception, maintains body temperature and reduces inflammation. It breaks down the chemical in the brain that affects mood and mental function, which is responsible for reducing psychoactive symptoms. CBD interrupts the pain information signals between the brain and the body. 

These features make CBD best alternative treatment for such pain disorders. CBD is considered a better alternative to all those addictive opioids prescribed by physicians. CBD is not psychoactive like its cousin compound THC. It is considered non-toxic in nature and 
CBD for fibromyalgia is considered to be one of the best treatments. 

In most cases of fibromyalgia, CBD is effective with the best combination of medication and lifestyle. General Physician role is very important here. You might have to experiment with the various combination for best treatment. Now CBD products are easily available online.

Anna Wrench

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